A scale and clean will leave your mouth feeling fresh. Plaque is the sticky bacteria that naturally forms on the teeth and causes gingivitis of the gums, resulting in bleeding gums. Gingivitis can then lead to Periodontal Disease, which, when left untreated, can lead to tooth loss and affect your overall health.
Calculus (or tartar) is plaque that has hardened over time and can no longer be removed with a toothbrush. It builds up above and below the gum line, requiring specialized dental instruments to remove. During your scale and clean, the dentist uses an ultrasonic scaler to carefully remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth. This is followed by a gentle polish to remove stains.
A fluoride treatment is normally then offered. This treatment is a very simple process administered by the dentist to help strengthen your enamel and prevent tooth decay. Fluoride absorbs into tooth enamel and strengthens the structure of developed teeth, making them less prone to decay. Fluoride also repairs teeth by remineralizing areas in which tooth decay has begun, allowing it to actually reverse the process of decay.